Goodbyes are difficult for me. There are students and teachers here who I have become close to. I find that goodbyes can feel fraudulent, even when you truly want to be sincere. Because both of you know that despite your protestations of “Let’s stay in touch!” and “I’ll see you later!” you will never again spend much time together. Not because you don’t like each other, but because the life connections that brought you together are now gone, and when that happens the best you can hope for is to stay casually, occasionally in touch. So you strive for a tone of sincerity and authenticity, and that striving makes it insincere and inauthentic, because those things are defined by their lack of artifice.
But there is real sentiment there – it’s just hard to find the right words to express it. And it is harder when your relationship has traversed barriers of culture and language, and in the case of students, age and the strictures of Confucian relationships.And so I think we try to substitute for those feelings of fraudulence – that our words are not truly reflecting our feelings – by saying more things, and delaying the final moment of goodbye. So my co-teachers walked me out of school, and yet it still felt hollow; as if there were some other words that I, or they, should have said, although I don’t know what those words might be.
Nowadays our Earth faces a number of serious problems, such as the environment pollution, the
increasing population, the fatal effects of nuclear weapons, and so on. So some people believe that
the Earth is being harmed by human activity. But as far as I am concerned that human activity
makes the Earth a better place to live and also makes some negative effects in this process. My
arguments for this point are listed as follows.
Even though we face so many crisis, no one can deny that Earth are more suitable for human
habitation. That is the result of the efforts of generations of people. If without that, we might also
live in caves and eat the crude food just like wild animals. If that is true, we must haven’t time and
energy to think over the problems of the Earth because we have to look for food and avoid
becoming the food of other animals. At that state, whether the Earth were harmed is not important
for human because some certain crisises can annihilate the total population, such as some
infectious disease or the a change of climates.
It is inevitable to produce some positive aspect functions when human are struggle to improve the
survive abilities and from the experiences of history we also have make great effort to resolve this
kinds of problems. For example, most of people hope to limit the scope of nuclear weapons and
the protection of environment is accept by almost every one. Most of problems are controlled by
ourselves and some of them have the hope to be resolved in years. We are finding the balance
between the development and the protection of our Earth. So it is unnecessary to deny the
advancement of human.
For the reasons presented above, we admit that there are some problems in the process of the
human development, but those problems are resolving and as a whole we make the Earth a better
place to live. Human evolved in the mode of continuing to correct their mistakes and making a
The acceleration of industrialization and the prosperity of economy benefit our society a great deal. But with the speeding up of economic development, people are facing more and more pressure from various aspects of their life. This essay will explore the causes for the heavy pressure and put forward some feasible solutions.
One of the major causes is that people’s living rhythm has been promoted immensely with the upgrading of new-knowledge and hi-tech. To keep abreast with the society, people have to work intensively on the one hand and improve their knowledge on the other. The economic globalization strengthened international cooperation and expand people’s scope of activity. The fierce social competition deprives people of their spare time and makes their life more stressful.
Another factor comes from the pressure of people’s family. People in the current society have to shoulder the responsibility of family maintenance. On the one hand, people have to care for their parents, creating for them a happy and comfortable life. On the other hand, they have to give their children good education. To earn more money, people have to work very hard to finance their family.
If people live in heavy pressure, they will have problems both physically and psychologically. To relieve the pressure, I think the following suggestions are feasible and practical. Firstly, people are suggested to go in for some sports games in their spare time or at the weekend. Sports can build up people’s physique and make them vigorous. Secondly, people should communicate with others frequently and confess their trouble and difficulty to others, which is a very magic way to release one’s pressure. Finally, people have to find a balance between money and health. Otherwise, one’s health will be overdrawn and spoiled by money earning.
In brief, good life should not be obtained at the price of the deterioration of one’s health. People should improve their living pattern and lead a life of high quality.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
In boxes 1–7 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1 Chronobiology is the study of how living things have evolved over time.-False
2 The rise and fall of sea levels affects how sea creatures behave.-Not given
3 Most animals are active during the daytime.-True
4 Circadian rhythms identify how we do different things on different days.-True
5 A ‘night person’ can still have a healthy circadian rhythm.-Not given
6 New therapies can permanently change circadian rhythms without causing harm.-False
7 Naturally-produced vegetables have more nutritional value.-True
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 8–13 on your answer sheet.
8 What did researchers identify as the ideal time to wake up in the morning?
9 In order to lose weight, we should
A avoid eating breakfast
B eat a low carbohydrate breakfast
C exercise before breakfast
D exercise after breakfast
10 Which is NOT mentioned as a way to improve supplement absorption?
A avoiding drinks containing caffeine while taking supplements
B taking supplements at breakfast
C taking supplements with foods that can dissolve them
D storing supplements in a cool, dry environment
11 The best time to stop drinking coffee is
B 10 p.m.
C only when feeling anxious
D after dinner
12 In the evening, we should
A stay away from carbohydrates
B stop exercising
C eat as much as possible
D eat a light meal
13 Which of the following phrases best describes the main aim of Reading Passage
A to suggest healthier ways of eating, sleeping and exercising
B to describe how modern life has made chronobiology largely irrelevant
C to introduce chronobiology and describe some practical applications
D to plan a daily schedule that can alter our natural chronobiological rhythms
Christmas is one of the most important holidays in Christianity. A lot of people consider that Jesus Christ was born on this day many years ago. It’s a sacred festival that’s why orthodox believers gather in the churches to attend the feast rite on Christmas. My whole family celebrates this feast: mother, father, my younger sister and I. My grandmother and grandfather very seldom visit us. We sit down to the festive table and light the candles at midnight. Everybody is always in a good mood. After the feast a week comes when we can tell fortunes. Every year my friends and I look in the mirror for our intended at night but we understand that it’s impossible to see our fate in a mirror. But anyway we believe that enchantment will happen.
But in other countries Christmas is celebrated in a different way. For example in the USA Christmas day is celebrated on December 25. On this day they decorate a Christmas tree and give presents to each other. All children wait for Santa Claus who will come in sleigh and give presents.
I like this feast very much because it inspires people with belief in the reality of miracles. Birth of Jesus Christ is the most important miracle for believers. This feast goes back to the earliest of times and it will never be forgotten. A Christmas tree is one of the main symbols of Christmas in most homes. Relatives and friends may join in trimming the tree with lights, tinsel, and colourful ornaments. Presents are placed under the tree. On Christmas Eve or Christmas morning, families open their presents.
Many children believe that Santa Claus arrives on Christmas Eve in a sleigh pulled by a reindeer and brings presents. Some children hang up stockings so Santa Claus can fill them with candy, fruit and other small gifts.
In many parts of the United States and Canada groups of people walk from house to house and sing Christmas carols. Some people give singers money or small gifts or invite them for a warm drink.
Many people attend church services on Christmas Eve or Christmas morning. They listen to readings from Bible and singing Christmas carols.
A traditional Christmas dinner consists of stuffed turkey, ь mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce and a variety of other dishes. Some families have ham or roast goose instead of turkey. Pumpkin pie, plum pudding, and fruitcake are favourite desserts.